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European Association of Psychoanalysis



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Letter to the European Parliament
To the President
To the Deputies

Intervention to defend the freedom of psychoanalysis in Europe

Psychoanalysis was born a little bit more than a hundred years ago as a method of questioning the unconscious psyche of neurotics and free it from its conflicts.   Right after, it emancipated from its initial specific area, psychiatry, to assume every time more the characteristics of an "unconscious science" capable of offering new conceptional instruments to deep in the knowledge of human nature and its expression in the individual, social and cultural aspects.  The main promoter of this emancipation was Sigmund Freud himself, father of psychoanalysis.
According to his explicit will, psychoanalysis must remain faithful to its statute of science and to its main vocation of improving the understanding of the unconscious dynamics, which determine the human thoughts and behaviours cannot be rationally understood.
This investigation job can be compared to the investigator's job that follows suspect traces and discovers the possible motivations of the different behaviors.  It is then logical that such operation can bring up strong resistance on the part of the analyzed persons when feelings and conflicts that they would like to continue ignoring show up, even having to pay the consequences through a neurosis.
These resistances can take many shapes and displace the attention from the meaning of the symptoms to the cure.  These explanations might seem a bit technical, but they are necessary to understand the fundamental distinction existing between psychotherapy and psychoanalysis.  While the first one, in
all its forms, has as objective the cure of the symptoms, the second focuses on the consciousness of its meanings.  It is, then, the analyzed person's decision to either accept or not, the moral implications of the disease.
The analyst has the sole professional task of offering "analysis" to his/her patients, representing for them a true mirror and an interlocutor capable of listening due to his/her specific formation.  This is done
through personal analysis which permits to find the existence of the unconscious and test its effects in him/her self.  This is a type of non academical formation, but experienced, which objective is to make analysts capable of knowing and conducting their own emotional reactions in the best
possible way, in face of the unconscious dynamics raised by the analyzed persons.
As a conclusion, the members of the AEP, taking into consideration an eventual European plan for regulation of the professions of psychoanalysis, psychotherapists and psychoanalysts, here request to the European Parliament to consider this requirement and take the necessary steps so that psychoanalysis continues to be different from other disciplines and has the freedom of being practiced by anyone, independently of titles and cultural restrictions, being in practice nothing more than a special way of

The President
Antoine Fratini

(Traduzione di Denise Maia)


Monsieur le Président,

J'ai bien reçu votre courriel du 3 avril 2002, ayant pour objet  une  intervention en défense de la psychanalyse européenne libre.
Si, depuis plus de quarante ans, le Conseil a adopté un nombre considérable de directives destinées à faciliter l'exercice effectif de la liberté de prestations de services, ceci s'est accompagné d'une exigence en matière de qualifications et de diplômes pour pouvoir accéder à certains emplois.

Le Parlement européen, étant appelé à se prononcer dans le cadre du processus législatif, je transmets votre requête à la commission juridique et des droits des citoyens.
Je vous prie d'agréer, Monsieur le Président, l'assurance de mes sentiments distingués.

Jean-Louis A. COUGNON
Chef de division
Courrier du Citoyen
Head of division
Correspondence with the citizen

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